Master the writing of answers in the main group I

Posted: Posted Date – 11:50 PM, Sat – 14 May 22

Learn how to write different types of introduction in your answers Learn how to write different types of introduction in your answers

By Anirudh Billa,
Faculty of Politics and Response Writing Expert

In the previous article in this series, we looked at the fundamentals of structuring a response – introduction, introduction, body, and conclusion. This article will help you learn how to write an introduction, which will not only impress the reviewer, but also give your answers a good start.

The introduction gives an indication of your flow of thoughts and creates interest in the mind of the reviewer. It can be classified according to facts, definition, topicality, etc. We’ll see how to use different intro categories for different questions.

1) Introduction based on facts:

You must provide information/data here. If possible, add a source to make the data more authentic (optional).


How well do you think parliament is able to ensure executive accountability in India? (UPSC 2021, 10 points)

For the question above, the factual introduction would be

a) In the 14th Lok Sabha, 60% of bills were referred to parliamentary committees, compared to 27% in the 16th Lok Sabha.

b) In 2021-2021, more than 60% of the budget was approved without debate.

With either of these two introductions, you can begin the response and show that parliamentary accountability has been reduced.

Example 2:

What are the main features of the Jal Shakti Abhiyan launched by the Indian government for water conservation and security? (UPSC 2020).

For the question above, the factual introduction would be

a) According to the WaterAid report, more than 1 billion people live in areas where water is scarce, 75% of households do not have access to drinking water from the tap and 70% from drinking water is contaminated.

2) Introduction based on the definition

You must write the exact definition or key words of the concept asked in the question. It is very useful for questions on international relations, science and technology, new concepts in economics, etc.


What exactly is cryptocurrency? How does this affect global society? Does it also affect Indian society? (Main 2021)
For the question above, a definition-based introduction would be
Cryptocurrency is a digital currency that allows the parties to the transaction to remain anonymous. It is a digital payment system that does not depend on banks to verify transactions.

3) Introduction based on current events

Here the data comes from current events, which we can get from authentic newspapers and news channels. The main advantage of this type of introduction is that the examiner will understand that you are aware of what is going on around you.

Example 1:

Mention the global occurrence of volcanic eruptions in 2021 and their impact on the regional environment. (Main 2021)

For the question above, a topical introduction would be

There have been nearly 70 confirmed eruptions at some point in 2021 from 74 different volcanoes. Thirty of these were new eruptions that began during the year. Examples- Taal Volcano (Philippines), Hunga Tonga (in the South Pacific) and so on.

Example: 2
The process of desertification has no climatic boundaries. Justify with examples (Main 2020).

For the question above, the topical-based introduction would be

The theme of COP-14, which India recently hosted, was “Restore the Land, Secure the Future”, as desertification has become a threat to the planet. Desertification is the persistent degradation of land by climatic variations and human activities.

4) Fundamentals of the Constitution

This type of introduction will be useful when questions about Indian politics and the Constitution are asked.


How well do you think parliament is able to ensure executive accountability in India? (UPSC 2021)

For the question above, the introduction would be

Accountability of the executive to parliament, or what is often referred to as parliamentary control over the executive or government, is based on i) the constitutional provision of collective accountability of the council of ministers to the people’s house of parliament and (ii) parliamentary control over the budget.

So, with the examples above, you would have understood enough how to answer any question asked in the exam. All these categorizations have been made to make it easy for you to understand and allow you to apply them according to the question asked.

A relevant type of introduction, like those in the examples above, will undoubtedly give your answer an edge over others who simply write similar introductions for the questions. Different introductions in your answer script will earn extra points.

NCERT books, monthly magazines such as Yojana and Kurukshetra, as well as Rajya Sabha TV’s Big Picture program and other newspapers etc. will help you in the preparation.

Scott R. Banks